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Country : India, Date : 21-09-2018
Asked Question :

Assalamu alaikum,

I wish to install a Headstone with the name of my mother at the head head of her grave for the purpose of identification.

Please advise,

Jazakallah Khair,

Answer : Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem ............................................................ Islam forbids erecting structures over graves, and commands that any such structures should be knocked down. But it is permitted to put a marker on the grave so that the family and friends of the deceased will know where it is. However, this marker should not be a structure or anything else that is not allowed in sharee’ah. 1 – With regard to the prohibition on erecting structures over graves, the evidence for that is as follows. It was narrated that Jaabir said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade plastering over graves, sitting on them and erecting structures over them. Narrated by Muslim, 970. Al-Shawkaani said: The phrase “erecting structures over them: indicates that it is haraam to build anything over a grave. Al-Shaafa’i and his companions made the following distinction: if the structure is built on the property of the person who builds it, it is makrooh, and if it is in a public graveyard, it is haraam. But there is no evidence for making this distinction. Al-Shaafa’i said: I saw the imams in Makkah ordering that what had been built (over graves) was to be knocked down. The hadeeth of ‘Ali also indicates that such structures should be destroyed. Nayl al-Awtaar, 4/132; the view of al-Shaafa’i is mentioned in al-Umm, 1/277 The hadeeth of ‘Ali referred to will be quoted below. W
 
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